Seasonal and interannual dynamics of nutrient and chloropphyll-a in coastal of the East Sea

Title
Seasonal and interannual dynamics of nutrient and chloropphyll-a in coastal of the East Sea
Author(s)
권지남; 김영일
KIOST Author(s)
KIM, YOUNG-IL(김영일)
Publication Year
2017-08-16
Abstract
The nutrient and chlorophyll-a dynamics in coastal area of Hupo in the East Sea were studied during the four seasons from 2012 to 2016. The seasonal hydrological regime changed from winter mixing to strong stratification in summer and fall. Nitrate was depleted in the surface layer during summer and fall, and re-supplied to surface layer during winter mixing. The ratio of nitrate to phosphate was 12.3~16.8 in the mixed layer(ML) and 12.6~13.9 below ML, which indicate a general tendency to N-limitation. Seasonal chlorophyll-a dynamics were characterized as phytoplankton biomass, and related to hydrological conditions and nutrients availability. The surface layer(0-20m) integrated chlorophyll-a during 4 years was highly variable from ND to 14.4μg/L. Surface layer concentrations of chlorophyll-a were higher in Summer than other seasons, and these results showed typical seasonal boolm patterns in the coastal areas. The concentrarions of nitrate relative to those of phosphate and silicate decreased exponentially as the chlorophyll-a, which indicate these areas were N-deleted condition. Although the nutrient concentrations in the ML were lower than below the ML, the supply of nutrientsfor phytoplankton growth seems to be associated with physical processes, such as coastal upwelling and discharge water from coastal inland. Also, relatively low nutrient levels were observed in lower salinity condition, and the correlation Nitrate was depleted in the surface layer during summer and fall, and re-supplied to surface layer during winter mixing. The ratio of nitrate to phosphate was 12.3~16.8 in the mixed layer(ML) and 12.6~13.9 below ML, which indicate a general tendency to N-limitation. Seasonal chlorophyll-a dynamics were characterized as phytoplankton biomass, and related to hydrological conditions and nutrients availability. The surface layer(0-20m) integrated chlorophyll-a during 4 years was highly variable from ND to 14.4μg/L. Surface layer concentrations of chlorophyll-a were higher in Summer than other seasons, and these results showed typical seasonal boolm patterns in the coastal areas. The concentrarions of nitrate relative to those of phosphate and silicate decreased exponentially as the chlorophyll-a, which indicate these areas were N-deleted condition. Although the nutrient concentrations in the ML were lower than below the ML, the supply of nutrientsfor phytoplankton growth seems to be associated with physical processes, such as coastal upwelling and discharge water from coastal inland. Also, relatively low nutrient levels were observed in lower salinity condition, and the correlation
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/23875
Bibliographic Citation
Goldschmidt 2017, pp.240, 2017
Publisher
Cambridge
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
Cambridge
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Distribution and Behavior of Radionuclides in the Ocean,Total Massflux of Singking Particle in East Sea,Material Transport Process in the Ocean

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