Comparison of faunal assemblages by the hydrothermal chimney type at southern Lau back-arc basin revealed by high-resolution video image

Title
Comparison of faunal assemblages by the hydrothermal chimney type at southern Lau back-arc basin revealed by high-resolution video image
Author(s)
김동성; 민원기; 노현수; 주세종
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Dongsung(김동성)
Publication Year
2017-08-28
Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the community structure and distributional pattern of hydrothermal and adjacent deep-sea fauna at the hydrothermal vent fields of spreading axis and arc of the Lau Basin located the southern part of Tonga islands. Study area are composed two seamount sites with different depth (site A: 450~600 m deep, site B: 800~1300 m deep). Visual surveys were carried out by 34 dives of ROV MAGNUM (RV ARAON) and 12 dives of ROV ROPOS (RV SONNE) using HD video camera and high resolution digital still camera in March 2011 and February 2012.Quantitative samples were collected using the suction sampler and manipulator of ROV. Total 60 deep-sea species including 24 vent species (5 species of cnidaria, 4 species of mollusca, 3 species of annelid, 4 species of arthropoda, 2 species of echinodermata, 1 species hemichordate and 5 species of pisces) were found by analyzing of high definition photographs, video images and identifying of specimens sampled by ROV at 128 chimneys in study sites. There are 4 main types of chimney shape and characteristics (active tall chimney, active dwarf chimney, weak-active flatvent, dead chimney). Three types of faunal assemblages defined by biogenic taxa (a provannid snail, Aviniconcha spp. and a sessile mussel, Bathymodiolus spp. and a brachyuran crab, Austinograea spp.) identified based on high definition photographs and HD video images at active 3 chimneys of honga islands. Study area are composed two seamount sites with different depth (site A: 450~600 m deep, site B: 800~1300 m deep). Visual surveys were carried out by 34 dives of ROV MAGNUM (RV ARAON) and 12 dives of ROV ROPOS (RV SONNE) using HD video camera and high resolution digital still camera in March 2011 and February 2012.Quantitative samples were collected using the suction sampler and manipulator of ROV. Total 60 deep-sea species including 24 vent species (5 species of cnidaria, 4 species of mollusca, 3 species of annelid, 4 species of arthropoda, 2 species of echinodermata, 1 species hemichordate and 5 species of pisces) were found by analyzing of high definition photographs, video images and identifying of specimens sampled by ROV at 128 chimneys in study sites. There are 4 main types of chimney shape and characteristics (active tall chimney, active dwarf chimney, weak-active flatvent, dead chimney). Three types of faunal assemblages defined by biogenic taxa (a provannid snail, Aviniconcha spp. and a sessile mussel, Bathymodiolus spp. and a brachyuran crab, Austinograea spp.) identified based on high definition photographs and HD video images at active 3 chimneys of h
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/23855
Bibliographic Citation
International Symposium on Chemosynthesis-Based Ecosystems, pp.14, 2017
Publisher
Woods hole
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
Woods hole
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Biophysiological ecology,Meiobenthology,해양생물 생리생태학,중형저서생물학

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