Assessment of phytoplankton viability along the salinity gradient in Seomjin River Estuary, Korea

Title
Assessment of phytoplankton viability along the salinity gradient in Seomjin River Estuary, Korea
Author(s)
임영균; 이민지; 백승호
KIOST Author(s)
Lim, Young kyun(임영균)Lee, Minji(이민지)Baek, Seung Ho(백승호)
Publication Year
2017-09-22
Abstract
ring tide of February and the ebb tide of neap tide of March 2017 in the Seomjin River Estuary. Additional laboratory experiments were also conducted to determine the reason of the pH changes along the salinity gradient using the field natural sample in February. In field, saltwater was well mixed at downstream vertically and the salinity gradient was horizontally appeared toward upstream of freshwater zone. Mortality rate of phytoplankton caused by low salinity shock was appeared to be 75% in the upstream station. In particular, the pH in spring tides of February had tended to increase with high phytoplankton accumulated stations, suggesting that it was related with absorption of CO2 by the photosynthesis of dominant diatom. In laboratory experiments, phytoplankton mass-mortality caused by low salinity shock was also occurred, which is confirmed with reducing the photosynthetic electron transport activity. Following the phytoplankton mass-mortality, bacteria abundance was significantly increased in 24 hours. As a result, the mass-proliferating bacteria can produce the CO2 in the process of biodegradation of diatoms, which can lead to pH decrease. Therefore, marine phytoplankton species was greatly damaged in freshwater mixing area, depending on along the salinity gradient that was considered to be an important role in elevating and reducing of pH in Seomjin River Estuaryral sample in February. In field, saltwater was well mixed at downstream vertically and the salinity gradient was horizontally appeared toward upstream of freshwater zone. Mortality rate of phytoplankton caused by low salinity shock was appeared to be 75% in the upstream station. In particular, the pH in spring tides of February had tended to increase with high phytoplankton accumulated stations, suggesting that it was related with absorption of CO2 by the photosynthesis of dominant diatom. In laboratory experiments, phytoplankton mass-mortality caused by low salinity shock was also occurred, which is confirmed with reducing the photosynthetic electron transport activity. Following the phytoplankton mass-mortality, bacteria abundance was significantly increased in 24 hours. As a result, the mass-proliferating bacteria can produce the CO2 in the process of biodegradation of diatoms, which can lead to pH decrease. Therefore, marine phytoplankton species was greatly damaged in freshwater mixing area, depending on along the salinity gradient that was considered to be an important role in elevating and reducing of pH in Seomjin River Estuary
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/23823
Bibliographic Citation
한국해양생명과학회, pp.122, 2017
Publisher
한국해양생명과학회
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
한국해양생명과학회
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