Water masses of the southern Philippine Sea observed in late fall of 2017

Title
Water masses of the southern Philippine Sea observed in late fall of 2017
Author(s)
신창웅; 이재학; 민홍식; 홍창수; 김동국; 백규남; 이인희
KIOST Author(s)
Shin, Chang Woong(신창웅)Kim, Dong Guk(김동국)
Alternative Author(s)
신창웅; 이재학; 민홍식; 홍창수; 김동국; 백규남
Publication Year
2018-04-13
Abstract
Southern Philippine Sea as a part of tropical western North Pacific has a role of rossroads to exchange water masses formed in mid to high latitude of northern and southern hemisphere through the low latitude western boundary currents. To classify the water masses and address its movement, an investigation cruise was performed in November 20 to December 2, 2017. Besides temperature and salinity, oxygen was observed as an auxiliary variable.Water masses were vertically identified as follows: tropical surface water, North Pacific SubtropicalWater (NPSW), North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW), Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) and deep water. High salinity (> 35.0 psu) NPSW was shown in the region of North Equatorial Current (NEC) north of 11N along 131E section and the west of 128.5E along 6.5N and 8N near Mindanao. It implies that NEC bifurcates to Kuroshio and Mindanao Current (MC) at Mindanao coast and the MC transport the high salinity NPSW to the south. The NPIW and AAIW occupied below the NPSW were characterized by salinity and oxygen minimum layer. The oxygen minimum layer (OML) was divided into the upper OML and the lower OML by local oxygen maximum layer extended to 13N. The core of local oxygen maximum layer existed in depth of 300– 700 m of 128– 129.5?E along 6.5?N section where is near the southern Mindanao coast. This suggests that New Guinea Coastal Under Current flows to the north through classify the water masses and address its movement, an investigation cruise was performed in November 20 to December 2, 2017. Besides temperature and salinity, oxygen was observed as an auxiliary variable.Water masses were vertically identified as follows: tropical surface water, North Pacific SubtropicalWater (NPSW), North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW), Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) and deep water. High salinity (> 35.0 psu) NPSW was shown in the region of North Equatorial Current (NEC) north of 11N along 131E section and the west of 128.5E along 6.5N and 8N near Mindanao. It implies that NEC bifurcates to Kuroshio and Mindanao Current (MC) at Mindanao coast and the MC transport the high salinity NPSW to the south. The NPIW and AAIW occupied below the NPSW were characterized by salinity and oxygen minimum layer. The oxygen minimum layer (OML) was divided into the upper OML and the lower OML by local oxygen maximum layer extended to 13N. The core of local oxygen maximum layer existed in depth of 300– 700 m of 128– 129.5?E along 6.5?N section where is near the southern Mindanao coast. This suggests that New Guinea Coastal Under Current flows to the north through
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/23433
Bibliographic Citation
EGU2018, pp.1, 2018
Publisher
EGU
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
EGU
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