PLASTIC INGESTION IN NORTHERN FULMARS (FULMARUS GLACIALIS) CAPTURED IN FISHERIES

Title
PLASTIC INGESTION IN NORTHERN FULMARS (FULMARUS GLACIALIS) CAPTURED IN FISHERIES
Author(s)
S.S. Schuur; S.F. Fitzgerald; 하성용; 홍상희; J.R. Kucklick; 심원준
KIOST Author(s)
Ha, Sung Yong(하성용)Hong, Sang Hee(홍상희)Shim, Won Joon(심원준)
Publication Year
2019-02-28
Abstract
Ubiquitous distribution of plastic debris around the world and the ingestion by seabirds is a growing environmental concern. As part of an international collaboration between Korea Ministry of Fisheries and the US Department of Commerce, we are investing if plastic debris ingested by marine organisms can transfer plastic-associated chemicals such as plasticizers, flame retardants, and UV stabilizers to wildlife. We chose to examine northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) due to their known ingestion of plastic debris. Fulmars that were incidentally caught in nine North Pacific fishery cruises were examined for plastic ingestion. As well, liver and samples fat were removed and frozen at -80 oC for later analysis to include plastic associated chemicals. Of the 43 birds, 27 had plastics in the digestive tract ranging from a single piece to 20 pieces and 0.0012 g to 1.95 g. The majority were post-consumer fragments (68 %) followed by fibers (20 %), pellets (8.6 %) and film (3.4 %). Polymer types of the ingested plastics were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Polyethylene dominated with 73 % of the pieces and the rest were polypropylene (26 %) and nylon (0.6 %). Chemical contaminants will be examined in the fat and liver samples and correlated to amount of the ingested plastics and chemicals associated with them this summer.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/22807
Bibliographic Citation
2019 Pacific Seabird Group 46th Annual Meeting, pp.74, 2019
Publisher
Pacific Seabird Group
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
Pacific Seabird Group
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Microplastic pollution,Persistent Organic Pollutants,Oil Pollution,미세플라스틱 오염,잔류성 유기오염물질,유류오염

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