볼락(Sebastes inermis) 근육단백질 유전자의 성장단계별 발현양상과 parvalbumin 유전자 클로닝 KCI

Title
볼락(Sebastes inermis) 근육단백질 유전자의 성장단계별 발현양상과 parvalbumin 유전자 클로닝
Alternative Title
Expression Pattern of Skeletal-Muscle Protein Genes and Cloning of Parvalbumin mRNA in Darkbanded Rockfish (Sebastes inermis)
Author(s)
장요순
Publication Year
2011-03
Abstract
Differentially Expressed Gene (DEG) was obtained from Differential Display Reverse Transcription (DDRT)-PCR using Annealing Control Primer (ACP) to search and clone genes related to developmental stages of Sebastes inermis. By using 120 ACPs, the nucleotide sequences obtained from 16 DEGs showing higher expression in 6-month-old skeletal muscle than 18-month-old ones and from 22 DEGs displaying stronger expression in 18-month-old than 6-month-old were analyzed and BLAST was conducted. The results identified that DEGs shared 69~95% homology with genes of parvalbumin (PVALB), nucleoside diphosphate kinase (NDK) B, tropomyosin (TPM), troponin I (TnI), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), muscle-type creatine kinase (CKM2), small EDRK-rich factor 2 (SERF2), adenosine monophosphate deaminase (AMPD), Trimeric intracellular cation channel type A (TRICA), Rho GTPase-activating protein 15 (ARHGAP15), S-formylglutathione hydrolase (Esterase D; ESD), heat shock protein 70 (hsp70), type 1 collagen alpha 2 (COL1A2), glutathione S-transferase, Mid1-interacting protein 1 (Mid1lip1), myosin light chain 1 (MYL1), sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 1B (SERCA1B), and ferritin heavy subunit (FTH1). Expression pattern by developmental stage of DEG14 and PVALB exhibiting strong expression in 6-month-old skeletal muscle was investigated using real time PCR. Expression was reduced as Sebastes inermis grew. Expression of PVALB gene was extremely low after 6 months of age. Expression of CKM2 showed higher expression in 18-month-old skeletal muscle than in 6-month-old muscles, and increased continuously until 4 years old, after which CKM2 expression became gradually reduced. By analysis of tissue-specific expression patterns of DEG, DEG14 was expressed mainly in skeletal muscle, liver, kidney and spleen tissues, whereas PVALB expression was expressed in skeletal muscle and kidney, but not in liver and spleen tissues. CKM2 was expressed in skeletal muscle, kidney, and spleen tissues, but not in liver tissues. PVALB gene was composed of 110 amino acids, which constituted 659 bp nucleotides. The results reported here demonstrate that the expression patterns of parvalbumin and CKM2 could be used as molecular markers for selecting fishes exhibiting fast growth.

ACP (annealing control primer)를 사용하여 DDRT (differential display reverse transcription)-PCR 방법으로 볼락의 성장단계에 따라 발현량 차이를 나타내는 DEG (differentially expressed gene)를 확보하였다. ACP 120개를 분석하여 18개월령 근육조직에서보다 6개월령 근육조직에서 발현량이 많은 DEG 16개와 6개월령 근육조직에서보다 18개월령 근육조직에서 발현량이 더 많은 DEG22개의 염기서열을 분석하였다. DEG 염기서열을 BLAST 검색한 결과, parvalbumin (PVALB) 등 18개의 유전자(PVALB, NDKB, TPM, TnI, GAPDH, CKM2, factor 2 SERF2, AMPD, TRICA, ARHGAP15, ESD, hsp70, COL1A2, GST, Midllip1, MYL1, SERCA1B, FTH1)와 69~95%의 상동성을 나타냈다. Real time PCR 분석법으로 6개월령 근육조직에서 발현량이 많은 DEG14와 PVALB 유전자의 성장단계별 발현양상을 조사한 결과, 볼락이 성장함에 따라 발현량이 감소하였으며, 특히 PVALB 유전자는 6개월령 이후에는 발현량이 극히 적었다. 6개월령 근육조직에서보다 18 개월령 근육조직에서 발현량에서 많았던 CKM2 유전자는 성장함에 따라 발현량이 계속 증가하였고, 4세 이후에는 발현량이 감소하였다. DEG의 조직특이적 발현양상을 분석한 결과, DEG14는 근육, 간, 신장, 및 비장조직에서 발현되었으며, PVALB 유전자는 근육과 신장조직에서 발현되었고, 간과 비장조직에서는 발현되지 않았다. CKM2 유전자는 근육, 신장 및 비장조직에서 발현되었고, 간 조직에서는 발현되지 않았다. PVALB 유전자의 mRNA 크기는 659 bp 이며, 110개의 아미노산으로 구성되어 있다. Parvalbumin과 CKM2 유전자는 성장속도가 빠른 어류 선발에 이용할 수 있는 분자마커 개발에 활용하고자한다.
ISSN
1225-8598
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/1796
Bibliographic Citation
한국어류학회지, v.23, no.1, pp.1 - 9, 2011
Publisher
한국어류학회
Keywords
Skeletal muscle protein; Annealing Control Primer (ACP); parvalbumin; creatine kinase 2(muscle-type); Sebastes inermis
Type
Article
Language
Korean
Publisher
한국어류학회
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