Identification methods in microplastic analysis: a review SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 351 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 395 time in Scopus
Title
Identification methods in microplastic analysis: a review
Author(s)
Shim, Won Joon; Hong, Sang Hee; Eo, Soeun Eo
KIOST Author(s)
Shim, Won Joon(심원준)Hong, Sang Hee(홍상희)Eo, So Eun(어소은)
Publication Year
2017-03-07
Abstract
Microplastics have become a major global environmental issue in recent decades due to their ubiquity in the oceans, bioavailability and ability to carry toxic chemicals. Analysis of microplastics in environmental and experimental samples has become increasingly common. We conducted a literature survey to review the current identification methods for microplastics. The advantages and limitations of each identification method were compared to indicate the best methods for microplastic analysis. Identification of microplastics is based on the physical and chemical characterisation of isolated particles in mixtures of inorganic and organic remnant particles after the extraction and clean-up steps. In addition, novel methods which may possibly be applied to microplastic identification were suggested. Microscopic identification by itself has a high risk of producing both false positive and false negative results in analyses of small microplastics. At present, combinations of physical (e.g., microscopy) and chemical (e.g., spectroscopy) analyses are widely used. However, there is a need to improve and develop new methods to reduce the identification time and effort and to detect sub-micron plastics in environmental samples.
ISSN
1759-9660
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/1268
DOI
10.1039/c6ay02558g
Bibliographic Citation
ANALYTICAL METHODS, v.9, no.9, pp.1384 - 1391, 2017
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Subject
SMALL-PLASTIC DEBRIS; MONITORING MICROPLASTICS; ENVIRONMENTAL-SAMPLES; QUANTITATIVE-ANALYSIS; AFM-IR; PARTICLES; POLLUTION; SEA; SEDIMENTS; POLYMERS
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Review
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
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