Trophic interaction among organisms in a seagrass meadow ecosystem as revealed by bulk delta C-13 and amino acid delta N-15 analyses SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 26 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 25 time in Scopus
Title
Trophic interaction among organisms in a seagrass meadow ecosystem as revealed by bulk delta C-13 and amino acid delta N-15 analyses
Author(s)
Choi, Bohyung; Ha, Sun-Yong; Lee, Jae Seong; Chikaraishi, Yoshito; Ohkouchi, Naohiko; Shin, Kyung-Hoon
KIOST Author(s)
Lee, Jae Seong(이재성)
Publication Year
2017-07
Abstract
Numerous studies have used stable isotope analysis (SIA) of carbon and nitrogen within the bulk tissues of organisms to determine the trophic structure among organisms in a food web. Recently, SIA has evolved to compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) of nitrogen within amino acids to significantly reduce the uncertainty in the estimated trophic position (TP) of organisms based on the isotopic difference between glutamic acid and phenylalanine within a single organism. However, because the initial offset (beta) between glutamic acid and phenylalanine differs between aquatic algae (ca. +3.4 parts per thousand) and vascular plants (ca. -8.4 parts per thousand) in food webs that rely on both resources, beta should be replaced by a value adapted to the admixture of primary producers for each specimen. In this study, we established a new method involving the beta value (beta(mix)) of each consumer specimen determined based on its bulk tissue delta C-13 value and successfully obtained realistic TPs (TPmix) for organisms in a complex seagrass meadow food web. Remarkable differences between the TPmix and traditional TPalgal values were found in deposit feeders due to the large contribution of seagrass to their basal resources. The estimated TPs of organisms increased by up to 1.5 units (from TPalgal to TPmix), in terms of trophic transfer, when their diets included substantial seagrass-derived contributions. Thus, combinatorial analysis of the amino acid delta N-15 and specimen-specific beta(mix) values provides better understanding of the trophic interactions in food webs, even in complex seagrass meadow ecosystems.
ISSN
0024-3590
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/1208
DOI
10.1002/lno.10508
Bibliographic Citation
LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY, v.62, no.4, pp.1426 - 1435, 2017
Publisher
WILEY
Subject
NITROGEN ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION; FOOD-WEB STRUCTURE; MARINE-SEDIMENTS; ZOSTERA-NOLTII; PATCH SIZE; CARBON; FRACTIONATION; HABITAT; DIET; MACROALGAE
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
WILEY
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