Bathyal records of enhanced silicate erosion and weathering on the exposed Luzon shelf during glacial lowstands and their significance for atmospheric CO2 sink SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 19 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 22 time in Scopus
Title
Bathyal records of enhanced silicate erosion and weathering on the exposed Luzon shelf during glacial lowstands and their significance for atmospheric CO2 sink
Author(s)
Xu, Zhaokai; Li, Tiegang; Clift, Peter D.; Wan, Shiming; Qiu, Xiaohua; Lim, Dhongil
KIOST Author(s)
Lim, Dhong Il(임동일)
Publication Year
2018-01-05
Abstract
We present a new high-resolution multiproxy data set of mass accumulation rates, Sr-Nd isotopes, as well as major and trace elements for the siliciclastic sediment fraction from International Marine Global Change Study Core MD06-3052, located on the continental slope of the western Philippine Sea. We integrate our new data with published grain sizes and sea surface temperatures from the same core, as well as with Equatorial Pacific sea level, and East Asian summer monsoon precipitation, in order to constrain at high-resolution changes in physical erosion and chemical weathering intensities on Luzon, and sediment source-to-sink processes. We assess the potential significance of chemical weathering of arc silicates in regulating global atmospheric CO2 since 156 kyr BP. Sr-Nd isotopes show that the siliciclastic sediments were dominantly sourced from volcanic rocks exposed on Luzon (similar to 68-100%), with a lesser contribution from Asian dust (similar to 0-32%). Different indices indicate that stronger physical erosion and chemical weathering occurred during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 6 (130-156 kyr BP), as well as in the latter stage of MIS 3 and MIS 2 (14-40 kyr BP). The large sea-level lowstands and associated significant exposure of continental shelf in the western Philippine Sea during these two cold periods should favor physical erosion and chemical weathering of unconsolidated sediments on the exposed shelf. Furthermore, we notice the relatively good coherence between chemical weathering intensities on Luzon and global atmospheric CO2 concentrations over these cold intervals. We suggest that strengthening of chemical weathering of silicates on Luzon and other tropical arcs (within 20 degrees of the Equator) during the Quaternary glacial sea-level lowstands may significantly contribute to the lowering of atmospheric CO2 concentrations during ice ages. We estimate that a significant fraction, up to similar to 16% (i.e., similar to 8 ppmv), of all atmospheric CO2 ultimately sequestered by silicate weathering may be processed through an area corresponding to only similar to 1% of the exorheic drainage area worldwide.
ISSN
0009-2541
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/1028
DOI
10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.11.027
Bibliographic Citation
CHEMICAL GEOLOGY, v.476, pp.302 - 315, 2018
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Subject
WESTERN PHILIPPINE SEA; EAST-ASIAN MONSOON; SOUTH CHINA SEA; ND ISOTOPIC CONSTRAINTS; NORTHERN OKINAWA TROUGH; PACIFIC WARM POOL; GRAIN-SIZE; CARBON-CYCLE; SEDIMENT PROVENANCE; FLUVIAL SEDIMENTS
Keywords
Chemical weathering; Sea level; East Asian summer monsoon; Atmospheric CO2 concentration; Western Philippine Sea
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER
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