Spirulina maxima extract prevents cell death through BDNF activation against amyloid beta 1-42 (A beta(1-42)) induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 10 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 10 time in Scopus
Title
Spirulina maxima extract prevents cell death through BDNF activation against amyloid beta 1-42 (A beta(1-42)) induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells
Author(s)
Koh, Eun-Jeong; Kim, Kui-Jin; Choi, Jia; Kang, Do-Hyung; Lee, Boo-Yong
KIOST Author(s)
Kang, Do Hyung(강도형)
Publication Year
2018-04-23
Abstract
Spirulina maxima is a blue-green micro alga that contains abundant amounts of proteins (60-70%), vitamins, chlorophyll a, and C-phycocyanin (C-PC). It has been shown to reduce oxidative stress, and prevent diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, it is unclear whether Spirulina maxima 70% ethanol extract (SM70EE), chlorophyll a, and C-PC prevent A beta(1-42)-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SM70EE, chlorophyll a, and C-PC prevent A beta(1-42)-induced cell death. SM70EE, chlorophyll a, and C-PC suppressed the A beta(1-42)-induced increase in poly-ADP ribose polymerase-1 (PARP-1) cleavage and reduced A beta(1-42)-induced decreases in glutathione and its associated factors. The level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which plays a critical role in neuronal survival and neuroprotection, was increased by SM70EE, chlorophyll a, and C-PC in A beta(1-42)-treated cells. SM70EE treatment decreased oxidative stress and cell death in response to A beta(1-42)treatment, while simultaneously suppressing PARP cleavage and increasing the levels of glutathione (GSH) and its associated factors. Moreover, SM70EE lowered the levels of APP and BACE1, two major factors involved in APP processing, and increased BDNF expression during A beta(1-42)-induced neurotoxicity in PC12 cells. We suggest that SM70EE prevents cell death caused by A beta(1-42)-induced neurotoxicity via the activation of BDNF signaling.
ISSN
0304-3940
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/973
DOI
10.1016/j.neulet.2018.02.057
Bibliographic Citation
NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS, v.673, pp.33 - 38, 2018
Publisher
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Subject
(1-42)-INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE; PEPTIDE; BRAIN; GLUTATHIONE; TOXICITY
Keywords
Spirulina maxima 70% ethanol extract (SM70EE); Cell death; Oxidative stress; Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF); Amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
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