Latitudinal differences in the distribution of mesozooplankton in the northeastern equatorial Pacific SCOPUS KCI

Title
Latitudinal differences in the distribution of mesozooplankton in the northeastern equatorial Pacific
Author(s)
Kang, J.-H.; Kim, W.-S.; Son, S.-K.
KIOST Author(s)
Kang, Jung Hoon(강정훈)Son, Seung Kyu(손승규)
Publication Year
2004
Abstract
To investigate latitudinal variations in the zooplankton community along the meridian line (5°N-12°N, 131.5°W), we measured temperature, salinity, nitrate, chlorophyll-a and zooplankton at depths above 200 m from July 10th to 25th, 2003. For comparative analysis, data of the physico-chemical properties and chl-a were matched to the two sampling depths (surface mixed layer and thermocline depth-200 m) of zooplankton. Latitudinal differences in the mesozooplankton distribution were mainly influenced by divergence formed at a boundary line formed by currents of opposing directions, consisting of North Equatorial Current (NEC) and North Equatorial Counter Current (NECC). High concentrations of chl-a south of 9°N, caused by equatorial upwelling related nutrients, is thought to be affected by the role of this divergence barrier, supported by relatively low concentrations in waters north of 9°N. The latitudinal differences of the chl-a were significantly associated with the major groups of zooplankton, namely calanoid and cyclopoid copepods, appendicularians, ostracods, chaetognaths, invertebrate larvae, and others. And temperature significantly affected the latitudinal variation of radiolarians, siphonophores, salps and immature copepods. The latitudinal differences in the two factors, temperature and chl-a, which explained 71.0% of the total zooplankton variation, were characterized by the equatorial upwelling as well as the divergence at 9°N. The physical characteristics also affected the community structure and abundance of zooplankton as well as average ratios of cyclopoid versus calanoid copepods. The abundance of dominant copepods, which were consistent with chl-a, were often associated with the carnivorous zooplankton chaetognaths, implying the relative importance of bottom-up regulation from physical properties to predatory zooplankton during the study period. These results suggested that latitudinal distribution of zooplankton is primarily controlled by current-related divergences, while biological processes are of secondary importance in the northeastern Equatorial Pacific during the study period in question.
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/5330
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2004.26.2.351
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.26, no.2, pp.351 - 360, 2004
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Subject
abundance; community structure; countercurrent; divergence; population distribution; zooplankton; Pacific Ocean; Pacific Ocean (Equatorial); Appendicularia (class); Calanoida; Chaetognatha; Copepoda; Cyclopoida; Invertebrata; Ostracoda; Radiolaria (protozoans); Salpida; Siphonophora (hydrozoans)
Keywords
Bottom-up regulation; Calanoid and cyclopoid copepods; Divergence
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute
Related Researcher
Research Interests

marine chemistry,Environmental Monitoring,resource development,해양화학,환경모니터링,자원개발

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