Relative contributions of sulfate- and iron(III) reduction to organic matter mineralization and process controls in contrasting habitats of the Georgia saltmarsh SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 40 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 49 time in Scopus
Title
Relative contributions of sulfate- and iron(III) reduction to organic matter mineralization and process controls in contrasting habitats of the Georgia saltmarsh
Author(s)
Hyun, Jung-Ho; Smith, April C.; Kostka, Joel E.
Publication Year
2007-12
Abstract
The objectives of this study were to partition out the predominant anaerobic respiration pathways coupled to C oxidation and to further elucidate the controls of anaerobic C respiration in three major saltmarsh habitats at Skidaway Island, GA; the short form of Spartina alterniflora (SS), the tall form of S. alterniflora (TS), and unvegetated, bioturbated creek-bank (CB). Geochemical analysis of pore water and solid phase constituents revealed that the SS site experienced highly reducing conditions with two orders of magnitude higher pore water sulfide inventories (1.884 mmol m(-2)) than TS (0.003 mmol m(-2)) and CB (0.005 mmol m(-2)), respectively. Conversely, reactive Fe(III) inventories at TS (2208 mmol m(-2)) and CB (2881 mmol m(-2)) were up to 7-9 times higher than at SS (338 mmol m(-2)). Incubations and intact core experiments indicated that SO42- reduction accounted for 95% (SS), 37%) (TS) and 66% (CB) of total anaerobic respiration. There was no detectable Fe(III) reduction at SS, while Fe(III) reduction accounted for up to 70% of C oxidation in the 3-6 cm depth interval at TS and 0-3 cm depth of CB, and on average, approximately 55% of C oxidation over two-thirds of marsh surface area. Laboratory manipulations provided further evidence for the importance of Fe(III) reduction as the accumulation rates of fermentation products were high when Fe(III) reduction was inhibited by removing the Fe(III) minerals from highly bioturbated CB sediments with higher Fe(III) mineral contents. Anaerobic C oxidation, SO42-- and Fe(III)-reduction rates appeared to be highest at the TS site during active plant growth in summer. Overall results suggest that bioturbation by macrofauna is the overriding factor in modulating the pathway of C mineralization in the saltmarsh, whereas availability of organic substrates from plants is a key factor in controlling the C oxidation rate. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0883-2927
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/4611
DOI
10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.06.005
Bibliographic Citation
APPLIED GEOCHEMISTRY, v.22, no.12, pp.2637 - 2651, 2007
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
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