Feeding behavior of the ocypodid crab Macrophthalmus japonicus and its effects on oxygen-penetration depth and organic-matter removal in intertidal sediments SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 3 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 2 time in Scopus
Title
Feeding behavior of the ocypodid crab Macrophthalmus japonicus and its effects on oxygen-penetration depth and organic-matter removal in intertidal sediments
Author(s)
Koo, Bon Joo; Kim, Sung-Han; Hyun, Jung-Ho
KIOST Author(s)
Koo, Bon Joo(구본주)Kim, Sung Han(김성한)
Publication Year
2019-11-15
Abstract
This study examined the poorly understood feeding behavior of the ocypodid crab Macrophthalmus japonicus in the field to explore its effects on oxygen-penetration depth (OPD) and organic-matter removal from intertidal sediments. An in situ investigation was conducted on an upper mud flat in the mouth of the Han River estuary, on the western coast of Korea. The behavior of M. japonicus and variation in the OPD within its habitat were surveyed and contents of organic materials such as organic carbon (OC), organic nitrogen (ON) and delta N-15 in its feeding pellets were compared as contrasted with non-feeding sediments during the daytime ebb in summer. We continuously recorded the surface activity of the crab during two main feeding periods and during a resting period, when the crabs remain immobile on the surface. Feeding periods exceeded 1 h; crabs fed on sediments more actively during the first feeding period (45 pseudo-pellets individual(-1) h(-1)) than during the second feeding period (19 pseudo-pellets individual(-1) h(-1)). The feeding period duration increased as body size decreased. Adult crabs devoted more of their time to basking in sunlight to dry their bodies, whereas young crabs spent most of their time feeding. Crab feeding activity on the surface generally enhanced the OPD. Conversely, OPD decreased during basking, when most crabs were immobile. Crab feeding greatly altered sediment geochemistry in the intertidal flat. In feeding pellets, OC and ON concentrations decreased to 55% and 60%, respectively, of those in non-feeding sediments. OC and ON were removed at rates of 1.89 mmol C M-2 h(-1) and 0.24 mmol N M-2 h(-1), respectively. The removal rate of OC by crab feeding was three-fold higher than that of OC mineralization by diffusive oxygen uptake (average: 0.56 mmol C M-2 d(-1)) and was comparable with the rate of anaerobic carbon mineralization (1.74-3.83 mmol M-2 h(-1)) in this region. The increase in the C/N ratio (10.6%-12.5%) and decrease in delta N-15 (7.21 parts per thousand-5.99 parts per thousand) in feeding pellets compared with non-feeding sediments indicate that M. japonicus removed N more selectively to meet requirements. These results imply that in situ crab activity significantly influenced OC and ON cycles; therefore, it is necessary to consider processes such as macroinvertebrate production and consumption when evaluating the purification function of intertidal sediments.
ISSN
0272-7714
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/460
DOI
10.1016/j.ecss.2019.106366
Bibliographic Citation
ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE, v.228, 2019
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Subject
MANGROVE FOREST; BURROWS; ECOLOGY; FLATS; RATES
Keywords
Behavior; Feeding pellet; Macrophthalmus japonicus; Oxygen penetration; Organic-matter removal; Intertidal sediments
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Related Researcher
Research Interests

benthic ecology,bioturbation,remote sensing,저서생태학,생물교란,원격탐사

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