Tectonic and climatic controls on sediment transport to the Southeast Indian Ocean during the Eocene: New insights from IODP Site U1514 SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 0 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 0 time in Scopus
Tectonic and climatic controls on sediment transport to the Southeast Indian Ocean during the Eocene: New insights from IODP Site U1514
Wang, Wei; Colin, Christophe; Xu, Zhaokai; Lim, Dhong Il; Wan, Shiming; Li, Tiegang
KIOST Author(s)
Lim, Dhong Il(임동일)
Alternative Author(s)
Publication Year
The Eocene was a critical period of global plate reorganization and it also saw the Earth's climate transition from the warmhouse state to the coolhouse state. Reconstructing the Eocene sedimentary history in the climate-sensitive Southern Ocean is important for understanding paleoenvironmental changes in response to the accelerated Australia/Antarctica separation and global cooling throughout the middle and late Eocene. Here, we present the first detailed multiproxy record of a continuous sequence from International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Site U1514 in the Mentelle Basin off southwestern Australia. Our aim is to reconstruct the sediment provenances and paleoenvironmental evolution in response to the abovementioned climatic and tectonic changes in the mid-high southern latitudes during the Eocene. Provenance analyses based on Sr-Nd isotopes, trace elements, and clay mineral assemblages suggest that Eocene sediments at Site U1514 predominantly originated from the southwestern Australian continent and the Naturaliste Plateau. Sediment provenance variations during the middle Eocene indicate that the onset of fast separation between Australia and Antarctica at 43 Ma caused an increased supply of volcanic materials from the Naturaliste Plateau between 43 and 38 Ma. Terrigenous inputs to the Mentelle Basin during the middle Eocene were primarily controlled by paleoclimate changes rather than tectonic processes because coeval clay mineralogical changes (higher kaolinite/smectite ratio and MARkaolinite) indicate a period of stronger physical erosion and chemical weathering on the western Australian continent that resulted in increased terrigenous materials delivered to the Mentelle Basin. Our results reveal a 5 Myr-long (43–38 Ma) warming reversal in the southern mid-high latitudes, providing an exception to the generally short-lived (10–100 kyr-long) hyperthermals that interrupted the long-term global cooling throughout the middle to late Eocene. As for the late Eocene (38–37 Ma), tectonic processes related to the sudden acceleration in seafloor spreading in the Tasman Sea led to the exposure of shallower areas, resulting in rapid detritus accumulation at the study site. During the late Eocene (37–34 Ma), major sediment provenance shifted from distal source areas (e.g., the Yilgarn Craton) to relatively proximal sources (e.g., the Leeuwin Block and Perth Basin). We interpret that the regional uplift in southwestern Australia and coeval climate cooling resulted in the diversion and inactivation of large drainage systems, thus blocking the transportation of sediment from distant regions.
Bibliographic Citation
Global and Planetary Change, v.217, 2022
Elsevier BV
Eocene; Paleoclimate; Southern mid-high latitudes; Sr and Nd isotopes; Clay minerals; Provenance
Document Type
Elsevier BV
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in ScienceWatch@KIOST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.