Mesozooplankton community variability in the Seychelles–Chagos Thermocline Ridge in the western Indian Ocean SCIE SCOPUS

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Title
Mesozooplankton community variability in the Seychelles–Chagos Thermocline Ridge in the western Indian Ocean
Author(s)
Kim, Minju; Kang, Jung Hoon; Rho, Tae Keun; Kang, Hyoun Woo; Kang, Dong Jin; Park, Jae Hyoung; Son, Purena
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Minju(김민주)Kang, Jung Hoon(강정훈)Rho, Tae Keun(노태근)Kang, Hyoun Woo(강현우)Kang, Dong Jin(강동진)Park, Jae Hyoung(박재형)Son, Purena(손푸르나)
Alternative Author(s)
김민주; 강정훈; 노태근; 강현우; 강동진; 박재형; 손푸르나
Publication Year
2022-01
Abstract
The Seychelles–Chagos Thermocline Ridge (SCTR), is formed by strong air-ocean interactions that cause open-ocean upwelling in the western Indian Ocean (WIO). The SCTR enhances upper-ocean nutrient levels, which promotes phytoplankton growth, leading to high zooplankton abundance and a strong nursery habitat for fish. To evaluate the evidence of significant upwelling in the SCTR, upwelling indicators associated with variability in the mesozooplankton community and other environmental factors were compared between SCTR and non-SCTR regions. We investigated mesozooplankton and physicochemical factors using multiple opening/closing net and environmental sensing system at three epipelagic (0–200 m) depth strata along 67°E (16°S–5°N) in the central and WIO. Survey stations were clustered into six environmental regions, including SCTR regions (I and II) and non-SCTR regions of the Southwest Monsoon Currents (SMC), Cold-Core Eddy (CCE), and the South Equatorial Current regions North(N) and South(S). Higher abundances of mesozooplankton were observed in the surface mixed layer (SML) (mean: 1275 inds. m−3). In the SML, Noctiluca scintillans were distributed ubiquitously, regions in the CCE were significantly different (p < 0.05). The middle layer (ML) of SCTR-II, there were significant peaks (p < 0.05) in abundance (962 inds. m−3) with significantly lower temperatures (mean: 17.7°C), and N. scintillans and Oncaea copepodites were numerically dominant. At the non-SCTR sites in the ML, there were significantly lower abundances, with a dominance of copepodites of Scolecithricella and Scolecithrix. Mesozooplankton abundance (mean: 57 inds. m−3) was significantly variable in the bottom layer (BL). The BL was dominated by either ostracods or Scolecithricella copepodites. Opportunistic copepods such as Oncaea spp. peaked in upwelled waters due to enhanced nutrients and associated high chlorophyll-a concentrations. A principal component analysis of the environmental factors and numerically dominant mesozooplankton groups showed that the dominant groups were affected by significantly elevated temperatures (25.3–29.8°C, p < 0.05) in the SML and by high salinity (34.8–35.7) in the ML. In the BL, there was no significant association between the mesozooplankton groups with any environmental factors. These results suggest the middle layer of the SCTR acts as a hotspot for opportunistic Oncaea spp., and is associated with open-ocean upwelling in the western Indian Ocean. © 2021 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0924-7963
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/42070
DOI
10.1016/j.jmarsys.2021.103649
Bibliographic Citation
Journal of Marine Systems, v.225, 2022
Publisher
Elsevier BV
Keywords
Epipelagic zone; Mesozooplankton community; Seychelles–Chagos Thermocline Ridge; Water masses; Western Indian Ocean
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
Elsevier BV
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