Determination of anthropogenic organics in dichlomethane extracts of aerosol particulate matter collected from four different locations in China and Republic of Korea by GC–MS and FTICR–MS
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- Determination of anthropogenic organics in dichlomethane extracts of aerosol particulate matter collected from four different locations in China and Republic of Korea by GC–MS and FTICR–MS
- Kim, Dong Hwi; Kim, Sungjune; Yim, Un Hyuk; Ha, Sung Yong; An, Joon Geon; Loh, Andrew; Kim, Sunghwan
- KIOST Author(s)
- Kim, Dong Hwi(김동휘); Yim, Un Hyuk(임운혁); Ha, Sung Yong(하성용); An, Joon Geon(안준건); Loh, Andrew(Loh, Andrew)
- 김동휘; 임운혁; 하성용; 안준건; Andrew
- In this study, the hypothesis that particulate matter in east of Korea peninsula would be significantly influenced by particulate matter originated from east of China was evaluated. To test the hypothesis, water-insoluble compounds in particulate matter samples collected from three different locations in Korea and one in China were characterized by atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) coupled with Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FTICR-MS) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Each sample was collected twice, in winter and in spring. The GC–MS data revealed the presence of high levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), such as benzo[a]anthracene in the samples from Tianjin, China. The sample collected in the winter from Baengnyeong Island, which is the location in Korea that is geographically closest to the east coast of China was also rich in aromatic compounds. Meanwhile, the APPI FTICR-MS data showed that polycondensed PAHs and two- to four-ring PAHs with long alkyl chains were abundant in the winter samples from Tianjin and Baengnyeong Island which stems most likely from coal combustion in the eastern China. In contrast, nonaromatic compounds with a biogenic origin were mostly observed in samples collected from islands located in eastern (Ulleung Island) and southern (Jeju Island) Korea. A principal component analysis by FTICR–MS and GC–MS also showed that the samples from Tianjin and those collected from Baengnyeong Island in the winter are strongly associated with coal combustion, whereas the other samples are mainly influenced by vehicle emissions. Therefore, it is concluded that the atmosphere from east of China has significant influence over atmosphere in west of Korea peninsula. © 2021
- Science of the Total Environment, v.805, 2022
- Elsevier BV
- Particulate matters; FT-ICR MS; GC-MS; PAH/NONPAH ratios; Principal component analysis
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