Characteristics of horizontal community distribution and nutrient limitation on growth rate of phytoplankton during a winter in Gwangyang bay, Korea
- Characteristics of horizontal community distribution and nutrient limitation on growth rate of phytoplankton during a winter in Gwangyang bay, Korea
- Baek, S.H.; Kim, D.S.; Hyun, B.-G.; Choi, H.-W.; Kim, Y.O.
- KIOST Author(s)
- Baek, Seung Ho(백승호); Kim, Dongseon(김동선); Hyun, Bonggil(현봉길); Choi, Hyun Woo(최현우); Kim, Young Ok(김영옥)
- To estimate the effects of limitation nutrients for phytoplankton growth and its influences on short-term variations of a winter phytoplankton community structure, we investigated the abiotic and biotic factors of surface and bottom waters at 20 stations of inner and offshore areas from 6 to 7 February in Gwangyang Bay, Korea. Also, several algal bio-assay studies were conducted to identify any additional nutrient effects on phytoplankton assemblage using surface water for the assay. The dominant species in the bay was diatom Skeletonema costatum, which occupied more than 70% of total species in most stations (St.1-16) of the inner bay. According to a cluster and multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis based on phytoplankton community data from each station, the bay was divided into three groups. The first group included stations from the south-western parts of Myodo lsland, which can be characterized as a semienclosed eutrophic area with high phytoplankton abundance. The second group included most stations from the north-eastern part of Myodo lsland, influenced indirectly by surface water currents from offshore of the bay. The standing phytoplankton crops were lower than those of the first group. The other cluster was restricted to samples collected from offshore of the bay. In the bay, silicon (Si) and phosphorus (P) were not a major limiting factor for phytoplankton production. However, since the DIN: DIP and DSi: DIN ratios clearly demonstrated that there were potential stoichiometric N limitations, nitrogen (N) was considered as a limiting factor. Based on the algal bio-assay, in vivo fluorescence values in N (+) added experiments were higher compared to control and P added experiments. Our results suggested that nitrogen may act as one of the most important factors in controlling primary production during winter in Gwangyang Bay.
- Ocean and Polar Research, v.33, no.2, pp.99 - 111, 2011
- abundance; bioassay; biotic factor; cluster analysis; community structure; eutrophic environment; growth rate; nutrient limitation; phytoplankton; primary production; winter; Kwangyang Bay; South Cholla; South Korea; algae; Bacillariophyta; Skeletonema costatum
- Cluster analysis; Gwangyang Bay; Multidimensional scaling (MDS); Nutrient limitation factor; Winter phytoplankton community
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