Three dimensional numerical modeling using a multi-level nesting system for identifying a Water layer suitable for scallop farming in Tongyeong, Korea SCIE SCOPUS

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Title
Three dimensional numerical modeling using a multi-level nesting system for identifying a Water layer suitable for scallop farming in Tongyeong, Korea
Alternative Title
Three dimensional numerical modeling using a multi-level nesting system for identifying a Water layer suitable for scallop farming in Tongyeong, Korea
Author(s)
Chang Y.S.; Jin J.-Y.; Choi J.Y.; Jeong W.M.; Hyun S.K.; Chung C.S.; Do J.D.
KIOST Author(s)
Chang, Yeon S.(장연식)Jin, Jae Youll(진재율)Choi, Jin Yong(최진용)Jeong, Weon Mu(정원무)Chung, Chang Soo(정창수)Do, Jong Dae(도종대)
Publication Year
2020-05
Abstract
Three-dimensional modeling was performed in Tongyeong, South Korea to identify a space suitable for Yesso scallop farming that may not be successful if seawater temperature remains above 22 degrees C. In the research area, an underwater basin was found at a depth of 70 m; the depth outside the basin was not deeper than 30 m. It was expected that the water temperature in the interior of the basin might be low enough for farming during summer. The present study was then designed to investigate the temperature distribution in this basin area to verify if a water layer with consistently low temperature existed below the surface layer, using a MOHID (MOdelo HIDrodinamico) three-dimensional numerical model. The model applied mixed vertical coordinates so that the difficulties in modeling near the basin, where water depth sharply changes, could be overcome. In addition, a multi-level nesting system was developed based on the 72-h forecasting system of the sea status around South Korea, which increased the modeling accuracy using updated boundary conditions. The model was validated by the measured tide and temperature data. The results showed that a strong thermocline was formed at depth of 15 m and a sub-surface space existed at depths deeper than 30 m, where seawater temperature was lower than 22 degrees C even in summer, which indicates the possibility of successful farming in the research area. The measurements also supported this result because dissolved oxygen and chlorophyll-a were not scarce in the subsurface space probably due to the strong tidal mixing that could bring the surface seawater properties down below the thermocline. It was also found that the model was effective in resolving the thin thermocline and the sub-surface space below it due to the mixed vertical coordinate system.
ISSN
0144-8609
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/38677
DOI
10.1016/j.aquaeng.2020.102058
Bibliographic Citation
AQUACULTURAL ENGINEERING, v.89, 2020
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Subject
MIZUHOPECTEN-YESSOENSIS; JAPANESE SCALLOP; SITE SELECTION; FUNKA BAY; AQUACULTURE; GIS; HOKKAIDO
Keywords
Yesso scallop; Aquaculture; Numerical model; Suitable space for aquaculture; Nesting
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Operational Oceanography,Numerical Modeling,운용해양,수치모델링

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