Discovery of Active Hydrothermal Vent Fields Along the Central Indian Ridge, 8-12 degrees S SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 1 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 1 time in Scopus
Title
Discovery of Active Hydrothermal Vent Fields Along the Central Indian Ridge, 8-12 degrees S
Author(s)
Kim, J.; Son, S.-K.; Kim, D.; Pak, S.-J.; Yu, O.H.; Walker, S.L.; Oh, J.; Choi, S.K.; Ra, K.; Ko, Y.; Kim, K.-H.; Lee, J.-H.; Son, J.
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Jonguk(김종욱)Son, Seung Kyu(손승규)Kim, Dongsung(김동성)Pak, Sang Joon(박상준)Yu, Ok Hwan(유옥환)Oh, Jihye(오지혜)Choi, Sun Ki(최선기)Ra, Kongtae(나공태)Ko, Youngtak(고영탁)Kim, Kyeong Hong(김경홍)Jeong, Ji Hye(정지혜)
Publication Year
2020-08
Abstract
Four new hydrothermal vent fields were discovered on the slow spreading Central Indian Ridge (8-12 degrees S; Segments 1-3), all located off-axis on abyssal hill structures or Ocean Core Complexes (OCCs). Each site was characterized using seafloor observation (towed camera system), plume chemistry (Fe, Mn, and CH4; Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth sensor [CTD]/Miniature Autonomous Plume Recorder [MAPR]), and rock sampling (TVgrab/dredges). Different styles of venting on each segment reflect different geological settings, rock types, likely heat sources, and fluid pathways. The segment 1 field was located on the western flank of the axial valley at the base of OCC-1-1. High-temperature venting was inferred from plume characteristics and extensive seafloor sulfide mineralization, but only diffuse venting was observed. This site appears to be a magmatic-influenced basaltic-hosted system despite its off-axis location. Two low-temperature diffusely venting sites were located on abyssal hills 6 and 9 km off-axis on Segment 2. Plume particle, metal, and CH4 concentrations were all very low, suggesting dilution of hydrothermal fluids by intrusion of seawater into the highly permeable flank area fault zone. The "Onnuri Vent Field" (OVF), located at the summit of OCC-3-2, vented clear, low-temperature fluids supporting abundant vent organisms (21 macrofaunal taxa). The plume particle signal was low to absent, but strong ORP anomalies correlated with high CH4 and low metal concentrations. Sulfide mineralization was present, which suggests both serpentinization and magmatic/lithospheric influence on fluid composition. The detachment fault is the likely pathway for hydrothermal fluid circulation at this off-axis location. These new vent field discoveries, especially the OVF, contribute valuable information toward understanding Indian Ocean hydrothermal systems and their ecology/biogeography.
ISSN
1525-2027
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/38590
DOI
10.1029/2020GC009058
Bibliographic Citation
GEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS, v.21, no.8, 2020
Publisher
AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Subject
MID-ATLANTIC RIDGE; ULTRAMAFIC ROCKS; SPREADING CENTER; FLUIDS; GEOCHEMISTRY; BIOGEOGRAPHY; OCEAN; COMMUNITIES; CHEMISTRY; NEMATODES
Keywords
hydrothermal vent; Central Indian Ridge; slow spreading; mid-ocean ridge; massive sulfides; vent fauna
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Seawater Chemistry,Geochemistry,해수화학,지화학

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

qrcode

Items in ScienceWatch@KIOST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse