Tracking Alexandrium catenella from seed-bed to bloom on the southern coast of Korea SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 1 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 1 time in Scopus
Title
Tracking Alexandrium catenella from seed-bed to bloom on the southern coast of Korea
Author(s)
Kim, Young Ok; Choi, Jung Min; Baek, Seung Ho; Lee, Minji; Oh, Hee-Mock
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Young Ok(김영옥)Choi, Jung Min(최정민)Baek, Seung Ho(백승호)Lee, Minji(이민지)
Alternative Author(s)
김영옥; 최정민; 백승호; 이민지
Publication Year
2020-11
Abstract
Alexandrium catenella was tracked from seed-bed to bloom at a hot spot of cyst deposition on the southern coast of Korea from June 2016 to Feb. 2020. Changes in cyst abundance and germinability from sediment, as well as the vegetative cell abundance and encystment in the water column were intensively monitored. Cyst germination of ca. 73% occurred synchronously in November of 2016 to 2019, when bottom water temperature was around 15 degrees C. After mass germination, vegetative cells formed a seed populations at low density (<10 cells L-1) during winter. Overwintering populations initiated growth in March and then proliferated into high density (ca. 4 x 104 cells L-1) spring blooms in mid-April 2017 when moderate temperature (15 degrees C) was recorded. There was no bloom in spring of 2018 and 2019, but small vegetative populations developed. Decline of the spring bloom was followed by massive encystment and an increase in Noctiluca abundance. An average spring encystment ratio of 0.002 was estimated for the study years. Newly formed cysts lay dormant during the warm season lasting about six months and then seeded the next population of vegetative cells. An average contribution ratio of cells recruited from the sediment was ca. 0.09 for seeding winter populations. The range in shift ratios for spring production of a daughter cyst population to prior cyst abundance of the mother population in fall was 0.1 to 0.6 for consecutive years, depending on annual variation of local environments. Tracking mass transformation of A. catenella cysts will contribute to more effective science based management of paralytic shellfish poisoning on the southern Korean coast.
ISSN
1568-9883
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/38567
DOI
10.1016/j.hal.2020.101922
Bibliographic Citation
HARMFUL ALGAE, v.99, 2020
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Keywords
Alexandrium; Cyst germination; Encystment; Mass transformation; Harmful algal bloom
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine ecology,Plankton,Protists,해양생태,부유생물,원생생물

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