Seasonal Variations of Surface fCO(2) and Sea-Air CO2 Fluxes in the Ulleung Basin of the East/Japan Sea SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 6 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 6 time in Scopus
Title
Seasonal Variations of Surface fCO(2) and Sea-Air CO2 Fluxes in the Ulleung Basin of the East/Japan Sea
Author(s)
Choi, Sang-Hwa; Kim, Dongseon; Shim, JeongHee; Kim, Kyung-Hee; Min, Hong Sik; Kim, Kyung-Ryul
KIOST Author(s)
Choi, Sang-Hwa(최상화)Kim, Dongseon(김동선)
Publication Year
2012-06
Abstract
Temperature, salinity, chlorophyll a, and surface CO2 fugacity (fCO(2)) were extensively investigated in the Ulleung Basin of the East/Japan Sea during four seasonal cruises. In spring, surface fCO(2) showed large variations ranging from 260 to 356 mu atm, which were considerably lower than the atmospheric CO2 levels. Surface fCO(2) was highest (316 to 409 mu atm) in summer. The central part of the study area was undersaturated with respect to atmospheric CO2, while the coastal and easternmost regions were oversaturated. In autumn, the entire study area was fairly undersaturated with respect to atmospheric CO2. In winter, surface fCO(2) ranged from 303 to 371 mu atm, similar to that in autumn, despite the much lower sea surface temperature. The seasonal variation in surface fCO(2) could not be explained solely by seasonal changes in sea surface temperature and salinity. The vertical mixing, lateral transport, and sea-air CO2 exchange considerably influenced the seasonal variation in surface fCO(2). The Ulleung Basin of the East/Japan Sea was a sink of atmospheric CO2 in spring, autumn, and winter, but a weak source of CO2 to the atmosphere in summer. The annual integrated sea-air CO2 flux in the Ulleung Basin of the East/Japan Sea was -2.47 +/- 1.26 mol m(-2) yr(-1), quite similar to a previous estimate (-2.2 mol m(-2) yr(-1)) in the south East/Japan Sea. This indicates that the Ulleung Basin of the East/Japan Sea acts as a strong sink of atmospheric CO2.
ISSN
1017-0839
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3584
DOI
10.3319/TAO.2012.01.19.01(Oc)
Bibliographic Citation
TERRESTRIAL ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC SCIENCES, v.23, no.3, pp.343 - 353, 2012
Publisher
CHINESE GEOSCIENCE UNION
Subject
CARBON-DIOXIDE; COASTAL OCEAN; JAPAN SEA; VARIABILITY; ECOSYSTEMS; SUMMER; PCO(2); SINKS
Keywords
Seasonal variations; Surface fCO(2); Sea-air CO2 flux; Marginal sea; CO2 sink
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
CHINESE GEOSCIENCE UNION
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Chemical oceanography,Ocean carbon cycle,화학해양학,해양탄소순환

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