Effect of inorganic nutrient enrichment and water temperature increment on the zooxanthellae density in the scleractinian coral tissues SCOPUS KCI

Title
Effect of inorganic nutrient enrichment and water temperature increment on the zooxanthellae density in the scleractinian coral tissues
Author(s)
Kim, T.; Park, H.-S.
KIOST Author(s)
Park, Heung-Sik(박흥식)
Publication Year
2013
Abstract
The coral symbiotic algae zooxanthellae is often expelled from the host as the host coral is under physiological stress, causing the coral to turn completely white. Such coral bleaching events are occurring more frequently with the increase in the global warming, ocean acidification and increased level of anthropogenic impacts such as eutrophication. In the present study, we investigated the effects of inorganic nutrients including ammonium, nitrate, phosphate and elevated water temperature on the symbiotic zooxanthellae density in the fragment of branching coral Acropora nobilis. Zooxanthellae density in the host coral decreased 8 hrs after the experiment at a given elevated water temperature (32oC, p < 0.05). In contrast, no clear coral bleaching or decrease in the symbiotic algae density was observed from the branching coral exposed to a normal water temperature of 30oC and high levels of nutrients such as 20 μM of NH4Cl, 20 μM of NaNO3 and, 10 μM KH2PO4. Accordingly, the data indicated high water temperature is one of the stressful factors to cause bleaching in A. nobilis, whereas the high levels of nutrients is not a factor. It is believed that the results obtained in the present study are useful as baseline information in the management of the coral reefs.
ISSN
1598-141X
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/3301
DOI
10.4217/OPR.2013.35.2.085
Bibliographic Citation
Ocean and Polar Research, v.35, no.2, pp.85 - 92, 2013
Subject
acidification; anthropogenic source; coral; coral bleaching; eutrophication; nutrient enrichment; water temperature; zooxanthella
Keywords
Coral bleaching; Inorganic nutrient; Scleractinian coral; Water temperature; Zooxanthellae density
Type
Article
Language
Korean
Document Type
Article
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine ecology,Marine biology,Marine living resources,해양생태,해양생물 생리,해양생물자원

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