Stable isotope variations of diatoms as an indicator of Holocene climate change in Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia

Title
Stable isotope variations of diatoms as an indicator of Holocene climate change in Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia
Author(s)
김진경; 이재일; 우경식; 정대교; 현상민
KIOST Author(s)
Hyun, Sangmin(현상민)
Publication Year
2009-10-29
Abstract
A 82.5 cm-long gravity core (HS-15) was retrieved from the central part of Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia. The core sediments are mainly composed of structureless and finely laminated diatomaceous mud. Five AMS radiocarbon ages for organic matter were obtained from the core sediment. The age of the sediments near the surface (3~4 cm in core depth) is estimated to be about 1,110 yr BP. Thus the reservoir effect of 734 years can be extrapolated. According to age-depth relationship, the sedimentation rate ranges from 8.3 to 15.7 cm/kyr with the higher rate in the upper part. Oxygen, carbon and nitrogen isotopes of diatoms are also analyzed. The core is divided into two parts with the transitional boundary between the core depth of 16 and 24 cm based on stable isotope contents of diatoms. In the lower part (ca. 1500~6500 cal. yr BP), the δ18O values are gradually enriched by ca. 0.5‰ whereas the δ13C and δ15N are depleted. The higher δ18O data may indicate δ18O enrichment of the lake water and the depletion of δ13C and δ15N should reflect the decrease of diatom productivity, which resulted from the decrease in nutrients influx. These isotope trends may imply drier climate with lower precipitation/evaporation ratio around this region. In the upper part (ca. 0~1000 cal. yr BP), the δ18O is rapidly depleted by ~1.5‰ whereas the δ15N is enriched. It can imply the abrupt increase in regional precipitation/evaporation ratio and runoff to the lake. As a result, the δ18O of the lake water became depleted and the diatom productivity increased.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/29266
Bibliographic Citation
대한지질학회 추계학술대회, pp.214, 2009
Publisher
대한지질학회
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
대한지질학회
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine environmentology,Marine environmentology,Organic chemistry,해양환경학,화학해양학,유기화학

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