Climate change could affect ecosystems, biodiversity, human life and many economic activities in coastal areas. This paper reviews the possible effects of climate change on oceans and the potential consequent impacts on sea coasts. Detrimental effects include reduction general disruption to infrastructure and activities designed for present-day climate. However, there are some positive effects, including a new opportunities for arctic exploration. It is appropriatefor individual countries, industries and organizations to consider their vulnerability to climate change, and to develop adaptation strategies in preparation to mitigate potential impacts.