Algicidal effects of yellow clay and the thiazolidinedione derivative TD49 on the fish-killing dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides in microcosm experiments SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 10 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 11 time in Scopus
Title
Algicidal effects of yellow clay and the thiazolidinedione derivative TD49 on the fish-killing dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides in microcosm experiments
Author(s)
Baek, Seung Ho; Shin, Kyoungsoon; Son, Moonho; Bae, Si Woo; Cho, Hoon; Na, Dong Hee; Kim, Young Ok; Kim, Si Wouk
KIOST Author(s)
Baek, Seung Ho(백승호)Shin, Kyoung Soon(신경순)Kim, Young Ok(김영옥)
Publication Year
2014-12
Abstract
In order to evaluate the potential to control the fish-killing dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides, we compared the algicidal effects of the thiazolidinedione derivative TD49 with those of yellow clay in 10-L microcosms. The responses of higher trophic level marine organisms and microbial loop communities to the algicide were also evaluated. In the yellow clay treatments, the concentration of C. polykrikoides was slightly reduced at day 1 of the experiment but remained higher than that of the control, suggesting that the reduction ratio of C. polykrikoides was < 20 %. In the 0.8-mu M TD49 treatment, the abundance of C. polykrikoides declined by 98 % 1 day following the addition of the algicide. The algicide did not affect nontarget algae including Chaetoceros spp., Skeletonema spp., Cylindrotheca spp., and other species. In all microcosms, bacterial abundance increased abruptly after day 1, then declined over the next 2 days as a result of predation by heterotrophic nanoflagellates and the small protozoan Uronema sp. Predation by the large protozoan species Euplotes sp. on Uronema sp. gradually increased with increasing incubation time in the TD49 treatment. Zooplankton were particularly affected by the environmental changes that occurred in the microcosms following collapse of the C. polykrikoides populations. Striped beak perch were not affected by the yellow clay treatments and concentrations of TD49 < 2.0 mu M. The results suggested that the yellow clay has little effect on C. polykrikoides, whereas the algicide TD49 is effective in controlling the harmful alga. The results imply that the algicide has positive effects on natural microbial communities and is not toxic to nonharmful algae and higher trophic level marine organisms.
ISSN
0921-8971
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/2657
DOI
10.1007/s10811-014-0275-9
Bibliographic Citation
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY, v.26, no.6, pp.2367 - 2378, 2014
Publisher
SPRINGER
Subject
HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOMS; RED TIDES; MITIGATION; GROWTH; BACTERIUM; WATERS
Keywords
Clay; Chemical algicide; Microbial loop; Cochlodinium polykrikoides; Fish
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SPRINGER
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