CHROMENE EXERT ANTITUMOR EFFECTS IN HUMAN LEUKEMIA HL-60 CELLS VIA CASPASE-3 MEDIATED INDUCTION OF APOPTOSIS

Title
CHROMENE EXERT ANTITUMOR EFFECTS IN HUMAN LEUKEMIA HL-60 CELLS VIA CASPASE-3 MEDIATED INDUCTION OF APOPTOSIS
Author(s)
허수진; 김지형; 이영득; 이수진; 강도형
KIOST Author(s)
Heo, Soo Jin(허수진)Lee, Youngdeuk(이영득)Kang, Do-Hyung(강도형)
Publication Year
2015-06-15
Abstract
In this study, the potent anti-tumor effects of brown algae on human leukemia HL-60 cells were investigated. The Sargassum siliquastrum extract among the 14 species of brown algae exhibited profound growth inhibitory effect on HL-60 cells in the MTT assay, therefore, S. siliquastrum was selected for use in further experiments. The highest inhibitory activity of S. siliquastrum on HL-60 cells was detected in the chloroform fraction, and the active compound was identified as a kind of chromene, sargachromanol E (SE). SE treatment showed significant growth inhibitory effects on HL-60 cells in a dose-dependent manner by inducing apoptosis, as evidenced by the formation of apoptotic bodies, fragmented DNA ladder, and the accumulation of DNA in the sub-G1 phase of cell cycle. SE induced apoptosis was accompanied by downregulation of Bcl-xL, upregulation of Bax, activation of caspase-3, and cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Moreover, z-DEVD-fmk, a caspase-3 inhibitor, significantly inhibited cell cytotoxicity, apoptotic characteristics such as apoptotic bodies, sub-G1 DNA content, and cleavage of PARP induced by SE. These results suggest that SE exerts its growth inhibitory effects on HL-60 cells through caspase-3-mediated induction of apoptosis. Therefore, SE offers promising chemotherapeuric potential to prevent cancers such as human leukemia.n the MTT assay, therefore, S. siliquastrum was selected for use in further experiments. The highest inhibitory activity of S. siliquastrum on HL-60 cells was detected in the chloroform fraction, and the active compound was identified as a kind of chromene, sargachromanol E (SE). SE treatment showed significant growth inhibitory effects on HL-60 cells in a dose-dependent manner by inducing apoptosis, as evidenced by the formation of apoptotic bodies, fragmented DNA ladder, and the accumulation of DNA in the sub-G1 phase of cell cycle. SE induced apoptosis was accompanied by downregulation of Bcl-xL, upregulation of Bax, activation of caspase-3, and cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Moreover, z-DEVD-fmk, a caspase-3 inhibitor, significantly inhibited cell cytotoxicity, apoptotic characteristics such as apoptotic bodies, sub-G1 DNA content, and cleavage of PARP induced by SE. These results suggest that SE exerts its growth inhibitory effects on HL-60 cells through caspase-3-mediated induction of apoptosis. Therefore, SE offers promising chemotherapeuric potential to prevent cancers such as human leukemia.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/25385
Bibliographic Citation
World Aquaculture 2015, pp.207, 2015
Publisher
World Aquaculture
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
World Aquaculture
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