Geochemical constraints on enriched mantle source of the North Fiji Basin

Title
Geochemical constraints on enriched mantle source of the North Fiji Basin
Author(s)
오지혜; 김종욱; 이인성; Finlay M. Stuart
KIOST Author(s)
Oh, Jihye(오지혜)Kim, Jonguk(김종욱)
Publication Year
2018-08-13
Abstract
North Fiji Basin (NFB) is a well-known mature back-arc basin as having chemical characteristics of Mid-Ocean Ridge Basalt (MORB) with source heterogeneity in composition varying from depleted MORB to enriched MORB or Oceanic Island Basalt (OIB). Samoan plume has been provided as a source for the enriched mantle beneath the northern NFB as well as Lau Basin. Plausible explanations, however, are still required to define precise origin of the OIB-like lavas found in the northern NFB including Fiji Triple Junction (FTJ). Here we present the suite of geochemical data including H2O and Sr-Nd-Pb-He isotopes of the basaltic glasses sampled systematically along the Central Spreading Ridge of the NFB (16°S -21°S) and constrain the cause of the geochemical heterogeneity observed in the NFB. Regional variation in the mantle source component is described by two groups of samples, which are verified in the Sr-Nd-Pb-He isotope spaces. Basalts showing plume-influenced features (H2O> 0.4 wt.%, (La/Sm)N>1.8) cluster at the field of high 87Sr/86Sr, low 143Nd/144Nd, high Pb isotope ratios, and slightly elevated 3He/4He and their occurrence is restricted to the northern segments, i.e. N160 and FTJ. While relatively dry and depleted MORB lavas found in the whole spreading segments. These geochemical behaviors can be explained by two components mixing between the depleted ambient upper mantle and the injected plume-influenced component fOIB). Samoan plume has been provided as a source for the enriched mantle beneath the northern NFB as well as Lau Basin. Plausible explanations, however, are still required to define precise origin of the OIB-like lavas found in the northern NFB including Fiji Triple Junction (FTJ). Here we present the suite of geochemical data including H2O and Sr-Nd-Pb-He isotopes of the basaltic glasses sampled systematically along the Central Spreading Ridge of the NFB (16°S -21°S) and constrain the cause of the geochemical heterogeneity observed in the NFB. Regional variation in the mantle source component is described by two groups of samples, which are verified in the Sr-Nd-Pb-He isotope spaces. Basalts showing plume-influenced features (H2O> 0.4 wt.%, (La/Sm)N>1.8) cluster at the field of high 87Sr/86Sr, low 143Nd/144Nd, high Pb isotope ratios, and slightly elevated 3He/4He and their occurrence is restricted to the northern segments, i.e. N160 and FTJ. While relatively dry and depleted MORB lavas found in the whole spreading segments. These geochemical behaviors can be explained by two components mixing between the depleted ambient upper mantle and the injected plume-influenced component f
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/23170
Bibliographic Citation
Goldschmidt2018, pp.1, 2018
Publisher
GS and EAG
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
GS and EAG
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Geochemistry,Submarine hydrothermal system,Deep-sea mineral,지구화학,해저열수시스템,해양광물자원

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

qrcode

Items in ScienceWatch@KIOST are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse