Mapping distribution of cysts of recent dinoflagellate and Cochlodinium polykrikoides using next-generation sequencing and morphological approaches in South Sea, Korea

Title
Mapping distribution of cysts of recent dinoflagellate and Cochlodinium polykrikoides using next-generation sequencing and morphological approaches in South Sea, Korea
Author(s)
정승원; 김현정; 이택견
KIOST Author(s)
Jung, Seung Won(정승원)Kim, Hyun Jung(김현정)Lee, Taek Kyun(이택견)
Publication Year
2018-10-29
Abstract
The total dinoflagellate cyst community and the cysts of Cochlodinium polykrikoides in the surface sediments of South Sea (Tongyeong coast), South Korea, were analysed using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and morphological approaches. Dinoflagellate cysts can be highly abundant (111– 4,087 cysts g-1 dry weight) and have diverse species composition. A total of 35 taxa of dinoflagellate cysts representing 16 genera, 21 species (including four unconfirmed species), and 14 complex species were identified by NGS analysis. Cysts of Scrippsiella spp (mostly Scrippsiella trochoidea) were the most dominant and Polykrikos schwartzii, Pentapharsodinium dalei, Ensiculifera carinata, and Alexandrium catenella/tamarense were common. Thus, a combination of NGS and morphological analysis is effective for studying the cyst communities present in a given environment. Although C. polykrikoides developed massive blooms during 2013-2014, microscopy revealed low density of their cysts, whereas no cysts were detected by NGS. However, the vegetative C. polykrikoides not appeared during 2015-2017 in spite of the observation of C. polykrikoides cysts. This suggests that the C. polykrikoides blooms were not due to development of their cysts but to other factors such as currents transporting them to a marine environment suitable for their growth.oflagellate cysts can be highly abundant (111– 4,087 cysts g-1 dry weight) and have diverse species composition. A total of 35 taxa of dinoflagellate cysts representing 16 genera, 21 species (including four unconfirmed species), and 14 complex species were identified by NGS analysis. Cysts of Scrippsiella spp (mostly Scrippsiella trochoidea) were the most dominant and Polykrikos schwartzii, Pentapharsodinium dalei, Ensiculifera carinata, and Alexandrium catenella/tamarense were common. Thus, a combination of NGS and morphological analysis is effective for studying the cyst communities present in a given environment. Although C. polykrikoides developed massive blooms during 2013-2014, microscopy revealed low density of their cysts, whereas no cysts were detected by NGS. However, the vegetative C. polykrikoides not appeared during 2015-2017 in spite of the observation of C. polykrikoides cysts. This suggests that the C. polykrikoides blooms were not due to development of their cysts but to other factors such as currents transporting them to a marine environment suitable for their growth.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/22946
Bibliographic Citation
PICES, pp.200, 2018
Publisher
PICES
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
PICES
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Phytoplatnkon taxonomy,Phytoplatnkon physiology,Phycosphere,식물플랑크톤 분류,식물플랑크톤 생리,식물플랑크톤, 바이러스, 박테리아 관계

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