Sediment characters and movements of barrier-lagoon system in the Nakdong River Estuary, Busan, South Korea

Title
Sediment characters and movements of barrier-lagoon system in the Nakdong River Estuary, Busan, South Korea
Author(s)
우한준; 이준호; 최재웅; 강정원
KIOST Author(s)
Woo, Han Jun(우한준)Kang, Jeong Won(강정원)
Publication Year
2019-04-12
Abstract
The short-term sedimentation rates for a year showed that deposition dominated the tidal flats between the mainland and Jinudo (JW-line) and the mainland and Sinjado (SJ-line), with net deposition rates of 10.09 and 12.38 mm/year, respectively. Erosion dominated the tidal flat for two years at the southern end of Eulsukdo (ES-line), which is located on the eastern side of the system, at an annual rate of -12.76 mm/year. The surface sediments along three lines were generally deposited in spring and summer and eroded during autumn and winter. The current speed and direction were measured in channels during ebb and flood tides. Tidal currents were ebb-dominant during spring tides. The direction of ebb tide was mostly southwest in channels. During flood tide, the current flowed towards the north-northwest at western channel, the northwest or north at middle channel and the north-northeast at eastern channel in the system. Four 12.5-hour anchoring surveys conducted at the inlets and channel revealed that net suspended sediments were transported to the open sea during a tidal cycle in summer. Seasonal variations in sedimentation and characteristics of suspended sediments revealed that the barrier-lagoon system in the estuary was dominated by redistribution of sediments based on relative input energy from waves, tidal currents, and dam discharges. Sediments in the estuary system were transported into the lagoon through inlets during flood-tide conditions without dam discharge. Sediments in the lagoon moved westward and/or northwestward and mostly deposited sediments on the tidal flats and in the channels near the dams under low energy conditions. During ebb tides, fine-sediments flowed out to the sea with discharges from the Nakdong Dam. Along the eastern side of the system, changes in the geomorphologies of subenvironments such as sand shoals, spits, tidal flats, and marshes were more influenced by waves than by tidal currents.
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/22782
Bibliographic Citation
Gepphysical Research Abstract, 2019
Publisher
EGU General Assembly 2019
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
EGU General Assembly 2019
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Coastal Sedimentary Processes,Micropaleontology(Foraminifera and Pollen),Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction,연안퇴적작용,미고생물(유공충 및 화분),고환경 복원

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