Why massive blooms of the fish-killing harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides did not occur along the Korean coastal water in 2016

Title
Why massive blooms of the fish-killing harmful dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides did not occur along the Korean coastal water in 2016
Author(s)
백승호; 임영균; 이민지; 박범수
KIOST Author(s)
Baek, Seung Ho(백승호)Lim, Young kyun(임영균)Lee, Minji(이민지)Park, Bum Soo(박범수)
Publication Year
2019-10-21
Abstract
For the past 20 years, blooms of Cochlodinium polykrikoides have been consistently present along the Tongyeong coast, Korea, but they abruptly disappeared in 2016. Despite extensive studies on this dinoflagellate, the cause of this abrupt decline remains largely unknown. To understand these phenomena, physico-chemical and biological data were collected along the Tongyeong coast through a biweekly field survey from June to September. Here, we focused the reason why the Cochlodinium bloom did not occur or spread to the Tongyeong coasts in 2016. The environmental differences between 2016 and previous years (1995-2015) were investigated. In 2016, the water temperatures (c.a.,30°C) and the salinity (c.a., 30) wereoutside the optimum ranges for C. polykrikoides growth in the study area. Moreover, the averages of these factors were significantly different from previous years (p<0.001). In particular, the amount of Changjiang River discharge in 2016, which can affect coastal environments via ocean currents, was relatively larger than in the past four years, reducing the salinity in August. Increased stratification and diatom dominance, both negatively associated with C. polykrikoides growth, were consistently observed during the study period. The combination of these environmental factors may have contributed to the decline of massive C. polykrikoides blooms in southern KCW in 2016. Our findings suggest that the amount of
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/22232
Bibliographic Citation
PICES_2019, pp.215, 2019
Publisher
PICES
Type
Conference
Language
English
Publisher
PICES
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Molecular Ecology,Ecological Interaction between bacteria and phytoplankton,Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs),분자생태학,생태적 상호관계(박테리아-식물플랑크톤),유해조류대발생

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