울산만 내측과 외측에서 계절적 환경요인의 변화에 의한 식물플랑크톤 성장 및 분포 KCI

Title
울산만 내측과 외측에서 계절적 환경요인의 변화에 의한 식물플랑크톤 성장 및 분포
Alternative Title
Seasonal Phytoplankton Growth and Distribution Pattern by Environmental Factor Changes in Inner and Outer Bay of Ulsan, Korea
Author(s)
이민지; 김동성; 김영옥; 손문호; 문창호; 백승호
KIOST Author(s)
Lee, Minji(이민지)Kim, Dongseon(김동선)Kim, Young Ok(김영옥)Baek, Seung Ho(백승호)
Publication Year
2016-02
Abstract
2014년 울산만 내, 외측 해역에서 해양환경의 계절 변화가 식물플랑크톤 군집의 공간 분포에 미치는 영향을 파악하였다. 울산만을 태화강 하구에 위치한 내측과 외양 영향을 강하게 받는 외측으로 나누어, 내측과 외측의 환경 차이를 t-test로 검증하였다. 수온은 동계(t = -5.833, p 0.05)에는 외측이 높았고, 춘계(t = 4.247, p 20μm 보다 작은 크기의 nano, pico식물플랑크톤의 양이 많았다. 극미소 식물플랑크톤은 영양염 농도가 낮은 외양 환경에서 적응력이 높은데 이러한 결과는 조사해역이 외양의 영향을 강하게 받고 있음을 시사한다. 춘계와 하계에는 내측 정점을 중심으로 유글레나류 Eutreptiella gymnastica의 밀도가 특이적으로 높았다. 이는 강우 후 많은 담수가 유입되어 저염분 환경이 조성되고 DIN (nitrate+nitrite, ammonium)이 대량 공급되었기 때문이다. 하계에는 태화강으로부터 다량의 담수가 공급되어 담수미세 남조류 Oscillatoria sp., Microcystis sp.가 내측 정점(1-5)을 중심으로 높은 밀도로 출현하였다. 추계와 동계에는 규조류와 은편모류가 우점하였다. 높은 현존량을 보인 중심 규조류Chaetoceros 속은 성층 약화로 저층에서 공급되는 영양염류의 영향을 받아 빠르게 성장하였고, 은편모조류는 다른 식물플랑크톤의 상대적인 성장 둔화로 기회적으로 우점하였다. 결과적으로 울산만은 강우기인 춘계와 하계에 태화강의 영향을 강하게 받아 내측 정점을 중심으로 저염분, 고영양염 환경이 유지되었고, 추계와 동계에는 만 외측 외양수의 영향을 크게 받았으며, 식물플랑크톤 군집은 크게 이 두가지 환경요인에 의해 계절적으로 제어되는 것으로 판단되었다.

To assess the relationship between environmental factors and seasonal phytoplankton community structure, we investigated abiotic and biotic factors in Ulsan Bay, Korea. We divided the bay into two areas based on geographical characteristics and compared the difference in each factor between inner and outer bay with t-test statistics. As a result, temperature in the outer bay was higher than that of the inner bay during winter (t = -5.833, p 0.05). However, opposite trend was observed during spring (t = 4.247, p 0.05). In particular, high nutrient concentration was observed in most stations during winter season due to vertical well mixing. The nutrient concentration was significantly higher in surface layers of inner bay after rainfall, particularly in the summer. The relative contribution (approximately 70%) of 20μm (nano and pico) size phytoplankton was increased in all seasons with continuously low nutrients from the offshore water due to their adaption to low nutrient without other large competitors. Interestingly, high population of Eutreptiella gymnastica was kept in the inner bay during the spring and summer associated with high DIN (nitrate+nitrite, ammonium) after river discharge following rainfall, suggesting that DIN supply might have triggered the increase of Eutreptiella gymnastica population. In addition, high density of freshwater species Oscillatoria sp. and Microcystis sp. were found in several stations of the inner bay that were provided with large amounts of freshwater from the Tae-wha River. Diatom and cryptophyta species were found to be dominant species in the autumn and winter. Of these, centric diatom Chaetoceros genus was occupied in the outer bay in the autumn. Cryptophyta species known as opportunistic micro-algae were found to have high biomass without competitors in the inner bay. Our results demonstrated that Ulsan Bay was strongly affected by freshwater from Tae-wha River during the rainy season and by the surface warm water current from the offshore of the bay during dry season. These two external factors might play important roles in regulating the seasonal phytoplankton community structures.
ISSN
1226-2978
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/2079
Bibliographic Citation
바다, v.21, no.1, pp.24 - 35, 2016
Publisher
한국해양학회
Keywords
Seasonal trends; Water temperature; Salinity; Nutrients; Phytoplankton; Ulsan Bay
Type
Article
Language
Korean
Publisher
한국해양학회
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Marine ecology,Plankton,Protists,해양생태,부유생물,원생생물

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