Impact of Alumni Connections on Peer Review Ratings and Selection Success Rate in National Research SSCI SCOPUS

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Title
Impact of Alumni Connections on Peer Review Ratings and Selection Success Rate in National Research
Author(s)
Jang, D.; Doh, S.; Kang, G.-M.; Han, D.-S.
KIOST Author(s)
Jang, Duck Hee(장덕희)Kang, Gil Mo(강길모)
Publication Year
2017-01
Abstract
This study seeks to examine the impact of alumni connections between the evaluators and evaluatees on the results of peer review ratings for the Korean national R&D project and selection success rate. Specifically, this study analyzed the evaluation results of 8,402 research proposal entries submitted between 2007 and 2011 for the “general researchers support project,” all in the Natural Science and Engineering areas and sponsored by the National Research Foundation of Korea. Each proposal entry was evaluated by three evaluators, and approximately 39 percent of the proposals had at least one evaluator from the same university. The results of this study showed that evaluators have a tendency to give relatively high scores to research proposals submitted by the alumni of the same universities as their alma mater. Also, when an evaluator from the same university as an evaluatee was included in the evaluator group, the results of this study showed that the percentage of entry submissions was higher compared to the contrary. Such results show that in the process of peer review–based research proposal evaluations for national R&D projects, alumni connections have significant influence on evaluation results in South Korea. © 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.
ISSN
0162-2439
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/1308
DOI
10.1177/0162243916665466
Bibliographic Citation
Science Technology and Human Values, v.42, no.1, pp.116 - 143, 2017
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Keywords
alumni connections; halo effect; Matthew effect; natural sciences and engineering; peer review
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
SAGE Publications
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