Widespread detection of a brominated flame retardant, hexabromocyclododecane, in expanded polystyrene marine debris and microplastics from South Korea and the Asia-Pacific coastal region SCIE SCOPUS

Cited 60 time in WEB OF SCIENCE Cited 65 time in Scopus
Title
Widespread detection of a brominated flame retardant, hexabromocyclododecane, in expanded polystyrene marine debris and microplastics from South Korea and the Asia-Pacific coastal region
Author(s)
Jang, Mi; Shim, Won Joon; Han, Gi Myung; Rani, Manviri; Song, Young Kyoung; Hong, Sang Hee
KIOST Author(s)
Jang, Mi(장미)Shim, Won Joon(심원준)Han, Gi Myung(한기명)Song, Young Kyoung(송영경)Hong, Sang Hee(홍상희)
Publication Year
2017-12
Abstract
The role of marine plastic debris and microplastics as a carrier of hazardous chemicals in the marine environment is an emerging issue. This study investigated expanded polystyrene (EPS, commonly known as styrofoam) debris, which is a common marine debris item worldwide, and its additive chemical, hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). To obtain a better understanding of chemical dispersion via EPS pollution in the marine environment, intensive monitoring of HBCD levels in EPS debris and micro plastics was conducted in South Korea, where EPS is the predominant marine debris originate mainly from fishing and aquaculture buoys. At the same time, EPS debris were collected from 12 other countries in the Asia-Pacific region, and HBCD concentrations were measured. HBCD was detected extensively in EPS buoy debris and EPS microplastics stranded along the Korean coasts, which might be related to the detection of a quantity of HBCD in non-flame-retardant EPS bead (raw material). The wide detection of the flame retardant in sea-floating buoys, and the recycling of high-HBCD-containing EPS waste inside large buoys highlight the need for proper guidelines for the production and use of EPS raw materials, and the recycling of EPS waste. HBCD was also abundantly detected in EPS debris collected from the Asia Pacific coastal region, indicating that HBCD contamination via EPS debris is a common environmental issue worldwide. Suspected tsunami debris from Alaskan beaches indicated that EPS debris has the potential for long-range transport in the ocean, accompanying the movement of hazardous chemicals. The results of this study indicate that EPS debris can be a source of HBCD in marine environments and marine food web. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0269-7491
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/1113
DOI
10.1016/j.envpol.2017.08.066
Bibliographic Citation
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, v.231, pp.785 - 794, 2017
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Subject
SPATIAL-DISTRIBUTION; PLASTIC ADDITIVES; SEDIMENTS; BEACHES; WATERS; ACCUMULATION; ENVIRONMENT; POLLUTANTS; ORGANISMS; POLLUTION
Keywords
EPS debris; Microplastics; Plastic additive chemical; Hexabromocyclododecanes; Marine environment; Asia-Pacific coastal region
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Related Researcher
Research Interests

Microplastic pollution,Persistent Organic Pollutants,Oil Pollution,미세플라스틱 오염,잔류성 유기오염물질,유류오염

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