Analytic simulator and image generator of multiple-scattering Compton camera for prompt gamma ray imaging SCOPUS KCI

Title
Analytic simulator and image generator of multiple-scattering Compton camera for prompt gamma ray imaging
Author(s)
Kim, S.M.
KIOST Author(s)
Kim, Soo Mee(김수미)
Publication Year
2018-09
Abstract
For prompt gamma ray imaging for biomedical applications and environmental radiation monitoring, we propose herein a multiple-scattering Compton camera (MSCC). MSCC consists of three or more semiconductor layers with good energy resolution, and has potential for simultaneous detection and differentiation of multiple radio-isotopes based on the measured energies, as well as three-dimensional (3D) imaging of the radio-isotope distribution. In this study, we developed an analytic simulator and a 3D image generator for a MSCC, including the physical models of the radiation source emission and detection processes that can be utilized for geometry and performance prediction prior to the construction of a real system. The analytic simulator for a MSCC records coincidence detections of successive interactions in multiple detector layers. In the successive interaction processes, the emission direction of the incident gamma ray, the scattering angle, and the changed traveling path after the Compton scattering interaction in each detector, were determined by a conical surface uniform random number generator (RNG), and by a Klein–Nishina RNG. The 3D image generator has two functions: the recovery of the initial source energy spectrum and the 3D spatial distribution of the source. We evaluated the analytic simulator and image generator with two different energetic point radiation sources (Cs-137 and Co-60) and with an MSCC comprising three detector layers. The recovered initial energies of the incident radiations were well differentiated from the generated MSCC events. Correspondingly, we could obtain a multi-tracer image that combined the two differentiated images. The developed analytic simulator in this study emulated the randomness of the detection process of a multiple-scattering Compton camera, including the inherent degradation factors of the detectors, such as the limited spatial and energy resolutions. The Doppler-broadening effect owing to the momentum distribution of electrons in Compton scattering was not considered in the detection process because most interested isotopes for biomedical and environmental applications have high energies that are less sensitive to Doppler broadening. The analytic simulator and image generator for MSCC can be utilized to determine the optimal geometrical parameters, such as the distances between detectors and detector size, thus affecting the imaging performance of the Compton camera prior to the development of a real system. © 2018, Korean Society of Medical and Biological Engineering and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
ISSN
2093-9868
URI
https://sciwatch.kiost.ac.kr/handle/2020.kiost/1064
DOI
10.1007/s13534-018-0083-2
Bibliographic Citation
Biomedical Engineering Letters, v.8, no.4, pp.383 - 392, 2018
Publisher
Springer Verlag
Keywords
Analytic simulator; Image generator; Multiple-scattering Compton camera; Prompt gamma imaging
Type
Article
Language
English
Document Type
Article
Publisher
Springer Verlag
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